From the Old Testament we get the idea of a Sabbath. The concept was established at creation and is tied in with the seven days.
(Exodus 20:8-11 KJV) Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.What was the purpose of the Sabbath? It was to be holy. That means set aside for special use. It was to be a day of no work. The word Sabbath means “to cease, desist, rest.”
This is elaborated more a little further into Exodus.
(Exodus 23:12 KJV) Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.The purpose of the Sabbath was to refresh us. It was for renewal. It was a time to recharge our batteries.
Notice that it was to be for everyone, not just the ruling class. The “handmaid” of the KJV is “female slave” in the NASB. So many of the Bible’s teachings are like this. You don’t rest by having someone else do the work. Rest if for everyone.
To be continued...
homo unius libri